The Freud Museum

Frontal Covering of a Mummy

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4936, Frontal Covering of a Mummy, Ptolemaic Period; 332-30 B.C.

Culture: Egyptian
Material: cartonnage
Dimensions: 15 x 9 _ in 38 x 24 cm

This painted mummy covering, made to dress the legs of a mummy, is made of cartonnage, a type of board made from plaster and papyrus or cloth fibres. During Ptolemaic times, such coverings consisted of separate pieces for mask, collar, frontal panels and a foot case.

The hieroglyphic text down the centre calls for the aid of Anubis, the dog-headed god, on behalf of the deceased, identified by the text as a woman. Anubis had assisted Isis in embalming her husband, Osiris, who had been cut into fourteen pieces by his murderer.

The upper vignettes depict the four sons of Horus, minor deities in charge of protecting the stomach, intestines, lungs and liver of the deceased. The lower vignettes illustrate Osiris, god of the underworld, on one side with Isis and on the other with her sister Nephthys. All figures have green skin and red costume.

See this object on our Collections site here

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